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Nigeria without Nigerians?

Today’s reflection was inspired by Buhari’s recent reiteration of the determination of his government to run ‘an inclusive government ’. Speaking recently when he received a delegation from Nasarawa State, led by Governor Abdullahi Sule, at the Presidential Villa, Abuja, Buhari was quoted as saying: “In the next four years, I want to assure you that we will remain committed to the change agenda. Our goal of building an inclusive, secure and prosperous Nigeria is achievable.” On June 12, 2019, the country’s new Democracy day, Buhari also declared: “Nation building takes time. But we must take solace in the knowledge that this country, our country, has everything we require to make Nigeria prosper.” In fact, in recent times, the words ‘nation-building’ and ‘inclusive government’ have been popping up more than ever before in Buhari’s speeches.

Ahmed Lawan, Festus Adedayo and the APC mob

Senator Ahmed Lawan is the incumbent Senate President of Nigeria, having won the election into that office, 79 -28, beating his rival, Senator Ali Ndume of the same ruling All Progressives Congress (APC). Lawan was the anointed candidate of his party, the APC, but he worked hard to negotiate with and secure the support of other members of the Senate across party lines. He secured a bi-partisan victory in such a convincing manner that has caused turmoil in the People’s Democratic Party (PDP), Nigeria’s main opposition party. The PDP has since ordered an investigation into how its National Assembly members voted contrary to the party’s directives. The PDP must pursue that course with extreme caution in order not to shoot itself in the foot. But what has Ahmed Lawan done with his victory and what has been the fall-outs?

As South Africa Looked Itself in the Mirror

South Africans went to the polls yesterday (May 8, 2019) in the country’s sixth democratic elections since 1994. Some say the elections were the country’s biggest since the end of White minority rule 25 years ago. The Apartheid system  of White minority rule, which became official state policy in 1948, crumbled after a long and bitter struggle. It was only in April 1994 that Blacks were allowed to vote for the first time in their own country. Final results from yesterday’s election are expected to be released within seven days. In fact the country’s Independent Electoral Commission had managed, in past elections, to release the results within three days of voting.
Governor El Rufai of Kaduna State, who rarely shies away from controversy or misses an opportunity to showcase his courage, recently, took a very bold step of abrogating the indigene-setter dichotomy in his state. Announcing the abrogation of the dichotomy in his official twitter handle on April 11, 2019, the Governor said: “In Kaduna State, the Indigene/Settler dichotomy has been abolished. Every person resident in Kaduna State would be accorded all rights as citizens and indigenes of the state. The Kaduna State Resident Registration Agency will create a reliable database of all residents in the state, with a view to providing useful data for planning, security, social welfare, education, employment, financial services, housing, health and other services. Elizabeth Joshua Ndonah will head the Kaduna State Residents Registration Agency.” El Rufai said that by that abrogation, anyone residing in the state, irrespective of the person’s religion or ethnicity, would automatically be entitled to anything in the state.

On June 12 we stand

It is ironic that it had to take a member of the military establishment now turned democrat, that is General, now President Muhammadu Buhari for June 12 to be accorded its pride of place in the socio-political calendar of the Federal Government of Nigeria. Before now, the recognition/celebration of June 12 as a watershed in Nigerian history had been observed majorly by the states of the South West of Nigeria, thus making its symbolism and significance a restricted and ethnic referent. But that has changed, thanks to President Buhari. His decision to declare June 12 a national holiday, his award of a post-humous honour of Grand Commander of the Federal Republic (GCFR) to Chief Moshood Kashimawo Olawale (MKO) Abiola and the subsequent amendment of the Public Holidays Act to accommodate June 12 as a Federal holiday is a welcome development. President Olusegun Obasanjo (1999-2007) had pointedly ignored all entreaties for his administration to take the same step.

What Nigerians Expect From President Buhari’s Second Term.

Barring any unforeseen circumstances, President Muhammadu Buhari would be sworn in for a second term on May 29, 2019. This second coming has been christened the Next Level, which was the theme of his second term campaign. Embedded in this Next Level mantra is the expectation of the huge majority of Nigerians that fitting consolidation would be given to the policies the regime has charted in its first term, which has gone a long distance in re-defining and re-routing governance from what it used to be before Buhari’s coming. Yes, the art of governance has never witnessed such fundamental re-routing as has been evidenced in the last four years and this has gone a long way in stemming the epidemic of corruption, which had riddled governance in Nigeria and has laid to waste the huge human and natural resources of the country.

Oppressive Bank Charge: Stamp Duty ‘sef dey inside’

There is increasing public concern on the forced burden of the serial rape of tens of millions of bank customers’ accounts, with a multiplicity of charges which dove-tailed the CBN’s facilitation of the Cashless Policy and the related electronic settlement of transactions.
Although E-banking may have triggered a higher velocity of cash flow, notwithstanding the inherent inflationary threat, it has also become increasingly apparent that millions of bank customers, irrespective of political, ethnic or religious loyalties, are clearly disturbed nationwide, that E-banking is turning out to be an expensive game, in which banks always win, while the seemingly helpless customers are ignored and left to rant and rave in vain, in a one-sided game, in which, they have inadvertently become trapped!
It is inexplicable, that despite the considerable savings from smaller bank office floor space, and contract workforce, with a more competitive cost of mass application of information technology, the cost of operating bank accounts has unexpectedly steadily climbed, for every customer, since former CBN Governor, Lamido Sanusi fast-tracked ‘E’-banking less than a decade or so ago.
Notably, however, despite the significant revenue from very high rates of interest on the primary banking business of lending money to customers, the additional income from a padded list of bank charges alone, may still exceed N500bn annually, and still remain less than 1 percent of the total value of all transactions settled through the banks in the same period; instructively, as revealed by the data on E-payment channels in Nigeria’s banking sector, the Banking Sector recorded about 5.3bn volume of transactions valued at N340 Trillion in just the third quarter of 2018. Arguably, therefore, a consolidation of the myriad oppressive bank charges, including stamp duty on all customer accounts may indeed exceed 1 percent of the total value of transactions, i.e. well over N12trn annually!
This obvious cash cow of the prostrate bank accounts of customers, has not escaped the attention of the usual motley cabal of public predators. We may never know who actually pressed the button; however, on 15th January, 2016, Nigeria’s Banking Regulator-in-Chief issued a circular directing that, in order to boost Government revenue drive, every bank must begin to deduct N50 stamp duty, on all deposits made into bank accounts, with a value of N1000 and above. This, according to the Governor, was in compliance with the Stamp Duty Act of 2004. Ultimately, the obvious question is whether or not the preceding CBN Governors failed in their duty, not to have invoked the provisions of the 2004 Stamp Duty Act much earlier, in order to also help ‘boost’ Government’s revenue drive? Not surprising, nonetheless, there is nothing to suggest that any CBN Governor, past or present, has actually suffered any sanction for such presumed gross dereliction of duty to the Fatherland!
However, on April 2nd, 2018, a Punch Newspaper story titled “Stamp Duty: RMAFC gets approval to probe banks,” the paper reported that the Apex Bank had, actually anchored its directive (of January 15, 2016), on a Court ruling obtained by (one) Kasmal International Services Ltd in 2014, to the effect that “the 22 banks operating in the country should remit more than N6trn to NIPOST through the Company, as (the value of) Stamp Duty they were supposed to have collected since the Stamp Duty Act was passed into law in 2004!”
Furthermore, according to the report, the Postmaster General of the Federation, Mr. Bisi Adegbuyi had also written to the CBN Governor, on the “state of the stamp duties being collected on behalf of the Federal Government;” the Postmaster General, consequently, also, demanded access to the customer records of all banks so that a forensic audit could be conducted to determine what amount should have been consolidated in the Stamp Duty Account, since the Court ruling obtained by Kasmal International Services Ltd in 2014.
It is notable, that the Revenue Mobilization & Fiscal Allocation Committee (RMFAC), the Accountant General, and NIPOST are reportedly now also collaborating to determine what should have accrued in the Stamp Duty Account to date. Furthermore, the Punch report however suggests that between January 2016 and 31st December 2018, only “N30bn had so far been realized through the collection of electronic stamp duties, even when NIPOST and its agents have conversely projected revenue estimates of over N475bn every year,” if stamp duty was diligently and efficiently collected, as allegedly amplified, by a private study of such deductions from bank customers.
In their reaction, Standard Chartered Bank, who were not satisfied with the 2014 judgment, consequently, filed an Appeal against Kasmal International Services and 22 others. Instructively, Justice Ibrahim Saulawa, and four other Justices of the Court of Appeal (Lagos Division), all held that “Stamp Duty Act 2004” did not impose a duty on Money Deposit Banks to deduct N50 on bank deposits! Thus, according to the Appeal Court, “electronic transactions were not covered by the Stamp Duty Act of 2004.”
The question of interest for all bank customers, from the above narrative, is whether, it is N30bn that was collected since 2016, or indeed over N475bn/annum as speculated by NIPOST, how will the total cash, so far collected, be disbursed? Presumably with the Court of Appeal judgment, the cash total sum consolidated should, of course, be properly returned to those from whose accounts (pockets) these funds were picked in the first place. A total and accurate refund, should obviously not be a serious challenge with the adoption of e-technology, while the deposits should also attract cumulative annual interest charges at the current lending rate charged by banks to customers before refunds are made.
It is rather curious that the CBN Governor was eager to obey the earlier Court Order of 2014 in favour of Kasmal International Services Ltd, but has clearly not shown any respect to the latter judgment of the Court of Appeal, which ruled in favour of everyone who operates any account with the Money Deposit Banks, with its decision that Electronic transactions were not covered by the Stamp Duty Act of 2004!
Nonetheless, despite the ruling of the Appeal Court, it is unlikely that both the banks and the ubiquitous Public Sector Regulators and Predators will easily let go of the “Stamp Duty Cash Cow.” Alarmingly, the daylight robbery of tens of millions of bank customers’ deposits still continues, often, with the rampant violation also, of statutory exemptions from Stamp Duty on “withdrawals or transfers from Savings Accounts, and on receipts of payments of Wages/Salaries, as well as on any deposit and fund transfers done by SELF into another owned account in the same bank or any other bank.” There is possibly, no current holder of a bank account whose pocket has not been picked in one way or the other from the multiplicity of oppressive bank charges while the Regulator looks the other way.
Ultimately, it is arguably also counterproductive to decry contraction in consumer demand and output, as a result of deliberately instigating inflation, while the odious contraption of huge oppressive bank charges are simultaneously celebrated as a veritable source of income to banks and Government agencies!
Listing of the oppressive bank charges defined by the CBN in April 2017 is as follows:
Current Account Maintenance Fee (negotiable) but subject to a maximum of N1 per mile, 0.5 percent COT; other associated offshore transfer charges are also charged on forex transfers. Bank drafts attract N300/N500 from Current/Savings Accounts respectively, while N100 flat fee is charged as processing fee for purchase/sale of Treasury Bills.
New hardware tokens-N3,500; E-transfers below/above N10m attracts N50 charge. RTGS transfers-N550; Card Maintenance Fee cost $20/annum for foreign currency debt/credit cards; Naira debit/credit-N50/monthly while Issuance of debit cards attracts N1,000.
ATM withdrawals from same bank are free while withdrawals using other banks’ ATM attract N65 after third withdrawal within a month.
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